The need for infrastructure sharing
With the privatization and expansion processes that the Brazilian telecommunications market has gone through in recent years, numerous companies have entered the sector. This represented important growth, but brought new infrastructure problems. The space that providers are currently fighting for installing cables is not enough to meet existing demands, and with the growing need to expand the capacity of networks, comes the debate about sharing poles.
In practice, this sharing involves energy distributors, which own the infrastructure, and telecommunications service providers. It is important to understand that it is not just a matter of reducing costs and making the services provided. The irregular occupation of poles is a security problem, both for the companies involved and for the general population.
Excessive wires and cables in a disorderly occupation can generate difficulty in accessing the electrical network, as well as companies with unauthorized projects can have wires cut by inspection, causing risks of accidents and great visual pollution.
Therefore, it is important to always be aware of the legislation. According to current regulations, below the electrical cables, there is a determined space of 500 millimeters (half a meter) with five points of attachment for internet, telephony and pay-TV cables. It is clear that this space does not support the installation of dozens of companies that often operate simultaneously in the same region, so how to solve the problem?
Technology should help solve the business impasse
Post sharing is feasible as there are microducts capable of supporting up to seven fiber optic microcables. That is, in theory it is possible for providers to occupy the same space on the posts. However, in practice there is still some resistance for the agreements to take place, mainly due to apprehension that employees of other companies make mistakes that harm the service of the others. Just as there are rules that regulate the implementation of networks, it will certainly be necessary to establish guarantees so that the relationship between all parties is stable and lasting.
Organized sharing of infrastructure can considerably reduce costs for expansion and universalization, anticipating the implementation and improvement of telecommunication services. And providers need to be aware of this.
As already pointed out in the text about expanding the capacity of your optical network in 2020, technologies such as IoT and the accelerated growth in the percentage of households with internet access impose that there is a genuine concern with the good network implementation and maintenance of a stable structure.
And what are the steps to follow to make sharing posts viable?
1 - Provider Licensing
First of all, it is necessary to legalize your activities as a provider of telecommunications services with the National Telecommunications Agency. In addition to accreditation or granting by the agency, it is also necessary that the provider has a registration with the CREA (Regional Council of Engineering and Agronomy) or the CFT (Federal Council of Industrial Technicians). To learn more about the entire process of accreditation and approval of Anatel licenses, just access the official site.
2 - Contact with the electricity distributor
As providers usually run cables through electricity poles, having a contract with the responsible concessionaire is also necessary for using them. The first step here is to prepare a project to know which posts will be used and how your network will be structured. Having a good understanding of the details of the network is essential for a good project to be done, after all, several calculations are required in order to transcribe the reality of the implementation as closely as possible.
And be aware of how contracts with your local dealership work. As much as Anatel has released small providers from the concession, requiring only the accreditation to operate, some energy companies may request the concession to carry out the sharing of poles.
3 – Complete and organized record of the network
Having an organized planning is essential, before and after the network installation process. Detailed and accurate mapping makes the work of technicians easier, saves the provider time and resources, and is essential at the time of any maintenance.
Well-documented processes make problems easy to resolve, and make it easier if you need to report to any of Organs regulatory bodies. This is the time to start thinking strategically to perform your functions with maximum efficiency. Understanding the importance of network mapping will help your provider's qualitative growth.